PSYC 406 Week 8 Final Exam (100% Answer)
Question 1 of 43
Limitations of the Minami et al. Forum 1 journal article called for caution in interpretation of the results.
Question 2 of 43
According to the list of psychiatric disorders provided in the DSM-IV-TR PowerPoint material, a Mood Disorder is diagnosed on:
Question 3 of 43
The terms “adaptive” and “maladaptive” refer to:
A.statistical occurence of behaviors
B.conditions for detaining mentally ill patients
C.strict legal definitions of mental illness
D.effectiveness or ineffectivenss of a person’s behavior
Question 4 of 43
The statistical concept of psychopathology holds that:
A.frequently occurring behaviors in a society are considered normal.
B.infrequently occurring behaviors in a society are normal.
C.Western constructs of psychopathology are considered valid across cultures
D.frequently occurring behaviors in a society might be considered abnormal
Question 5 of 43
The concept that psychopathology is an abstract idea that is not scientifically constructed is known as:
A.A legal model of disease
C.Methods of balancing dysfunctional humours in the body
D.The “Harmful Dysfunction” model.
Question 6 of 43
According to Mittal and Walker (2007), neurocircuitry implicated in psychotic symptoms may be shared by:
A.circuits controlling heart rate
B.circuits controlling dyskinetic movement
C.circuits controlling hearing
D.circuits controlling speech
Question 7 of 43
The cultural dimension of psychopathology:
A.points out the variability of mental illness manifestations.
B.assumes changing brain chemistry through pharmacology as a treatment for psychopathology
C.assumes brain structure anomaly as a factor in psychopathology
D.All of the above
Question 8 of 43
According to the course text, the term “race”:
A.regards everything in our inner world as originating from our relationship with our biological mother.
B.addresses questions of personal authenticity
C.may be considered an outdated term
D.None of the above
Question 9 of 43
The most convenient data for analysis of prevalence rates of a particular psychiatric disorder are obtained:
A.by conducting unbiased experiments.
B.by contacting people by phone
C.in clinical settings
D.by using prison population samples
Question 10 of 43
According to the course text, an indicator of the brain’s complexity is:
A.it consists of about 100 billion neurons
B.each neuron has around 1000 connections
C.mechanistic psychological structures
D.some brains have transient processes and others do not
Question 11 of 43
Treating a symptom effectively does not imply
A.Using ECT therapies as a first choice
B.Always administering medications for all mental disorders
C.the cause of the symptom is being treated
D.All of the above
Question 12 of 43
According to the authors of the journal article for Forum 3, recipients of social support are often:
Question 13 of 43
According to the course text, rat pups receiving more “mothering” develop stress response systems that produce ___________ levels of _____________ in response to stress.
D.lower; adrenal hormones
Question 14 of 43
In psychological testing, the term “validity” refers to:
A.negative predictive power
B.support of test scores by theory and evidence
C.consistency of measurement
D.positive predictive power
Question 15 of 43
Assessing psychopathology is an event fraught with:
A.bias and error
B.anxiety and agitation in subjects
C.frustration of examiners
D.financial hardship for test developers
Question 16 of 43
According to the authors of Forum 4 (Week 5) journal article:
A.PD and GAD are the same thing
B.GAD is rare
C.PD occurs more frequently thant GAD
D.GAD and PD are common and costly
Question 17 of 43
The analysis completed by Siev and Chambless (Forum 4 Week 5) suggests:
A.CT and RT effect similar changes in the areas of general anxiety
B.CT is superior to RT in areas of general anxiety
C.RT is ineffective in the areas of general anxiety
D.CT is ineffective in treating general anxiety
Question 18 of 43
Anxiety disorder theory derives from:
A.social causation, sociological perspectives, existential development
B.medical, bio-medical, disease-like states
C.critical theory, social deviance, material life
D.social values; critical mass; social causation
Question 19 of 43
Depression is recognized as a __________ with fears of a _______________ among researchers.
A.women’s disease; resurgence in men
B.social phenomenon; complete cure
C.public health concern; depression epidemic.
D.genetic anomaly; misdiagnosis
Question 20 of 43
Compare and contrast oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder.
Question 21 of 43
The link between and ____________ and ________________ has been recognized for centuries.
A.poor mothering; Type A personality disorder
B.adverse environments; depression
C.severe stress disorder; secure atttachment
D.All of the above
Question 22 of 43
The most commonly observed Axis II disorder in adulthood ADHD is:
A.borderline personality disorder
B.antisocial personality disorder
C.narcissistice personality disorder
D.sociopathic personality disorder
Question 23 of 43
Sayal (1989) notes that the poor are often identified as:
Question 24 of 43
Positive symptoms of schizophrenia might include:
A.high levels of motivation
B.delusions and hallucinations
C.anhedonia and flattened affect
Question 25 of 43
The prevalence of personality disorders in clinical settings is estimated to be:
Question 26 of 43
A primary goal of in the journal article for Forum 5 was to examine interrater validity of ADHD subtypes in adults in relation to patterns of comorbidity.
Question 27 of 43
The study that is the subject of Forum #6 sought to clarify the validity of ADHD in adults by examining _____________ of impairment and _____________ among Axis I and Axis II.
A.predictors; subtype differences
C.subtype similarities; predictors
D.subtype differences; comorbidity
Question 28 of 43
A common misconception concerning personality disorders is that they are _______________.
Question 29 of 43
Personality disorders may be thought of as extreme variants of certain personality dimensions.
Question 30 of 43
The term “psychopath” now refers to:
D.cognitive and social dissonance syndrome
Question 31 of 43
Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood or adolescence can be found on/in:
Question 32 of 43
The most difficult personality disorder to treat is:
Question 33 of 43
An individual with and excessive and pervasive need to be taken care of leading to submissiveness, clinging, and fear of separation might be diagnosed with:
Question 34 of 43
Somatization is relatively ________________ in the general health system.
Question 35 of 43
Characteristics of ___________________ _ include symptoms of a neurological disorder without the identification of one.
Question 36 of 43
Attribution theory represents a process wherein we make attributions about:
A.cause and effect
B.controllability and results
C.stigma and employment
D.cause and controllability
Question 37 of 43
The purpose of the Capstone Forum journal article was to:
A.determine how stigma predicts attitudes
B.determine how unemployment effects attitude
C.determine how attitudes impact behavior
D.determine how proxies influence attitude
Question 38 of 43
Train-place programs are the same as supported employment programs.
Question 39 of 43
Data for the Capstone Forum journal article and study were derived from:
Question 40 of 43
According to the authors of the Capstone Forum journal article, there are 2 models explaing stigma, which are identified as:
A.fear and jealousy
B.fear and dangerousness
C.anxiety and stereotyping
D.responsibility and dangerousness
Question 41 of 43
Compare and contrast the neurobiology of addiction with the sociocultural views of chemical dependency. Please elaborate (400-600 words).
Question 42 of 43
Describe and detail specific co-occuring problems found among children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD.
Question 43 of 43
Compare and contrast the Selective Optimization and Compensation (SOC) theory with the Socio-emotional Selectivity (STT) theory of aging.